DURKHEIM’S MECHANICAL AND ORGANIC SOLIDARITY

“Mechanical solidarity occurs in traditional, small, and early societies; that share similar values and norms, and support each-other” (Quist-Adade, SOCI 2235: Social Theory and Social Justice, 2013, p. 28). It is this structure of shared norms, connections and values that create an immense force which that strongly governs the behaviours of individuals within that society.

Organic solidarity identifies the growth and developments from the traditional into more modern and larger scale societies; where individual lifestyles may vary because of specialization. According to Dr. CQA, organic solidarity “demands different treatment for different people” (Quist-Adade, SOCI 2235: Social Theory and Social Justice, 2013, p. 29); because of the dependence people have on more advanced societies. This would mean that larger societies are governed by different norms and values based upon different circumstances and varieties of labour. Durheim describes these solidarities as a natural social process of division of labour.

REFERENCES

Quist-Adade, C. (2013). SOCI 2235: Social Theory and Social Justice. Surrey, BC, Canada: Kwantlen Polytechnic University: Faculty of Arts.

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